flanagan home page FLANAGAN FAMILY IN ASTORIA, QUEENS
Biographical Sketch - Sarah (MATTHEWS) (WALDRON) FLANAGAN

Also see biographical sketch of   Andrew Flanagan, Sr.



From a xerox of a photo thought to be Sarah (MATTHEWS) FLANAGAN
BIRMINGHAM
Family lore has it that Sarah Matthews was born in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England to John and Mary Matthews. My best guess as to date of birth is Mar 23, 1805, a date written in the bible of her first child, Mary (Waldron) Shuker.

Some sources put Sarah's birth year somewhat earlier, but I believe these sources rely on a bad inscription on her gravestone, or perhaps simply a bad transcription of that inscription. Since the headstone is apparently no longer in existence, we may never know the original source of this error. [ gravestone transcription ]

While the Long Island City death register gives her age as 73 (c.1804), the transcription of her gravestone gives it as 78 (c.1799). I think it likely that the number 3 in 73 was read at some point as an 8. Sarah's first child was born in 1827; her last (my ggf Charles) in 1851. My reading of her age would place her childbearing span between the ages of 22 and 46. The gravestone's would put place the span between the ages of 28 and 52, which was as unlikely then as it is today.

The Shuker bible also names three other Matthews sisters: Emma born August 1, 1803, Mary Ann born January 12, 1806 and Elizabeth born September 18, 1808. All we know of her family are these names and dates from the Shuker bible. Again, we have a suspicious span of dates. Sarah's Mar. 23, 1805 is slightly less than 9 months before Mary Ann's Jan. 12, 1806. We have not seen a photocopy of the inscription from the Shuker bible. The above dates are as transcribed in a letter from a descendant of (we believe) Joseph Shuker to a descendant of Peter Flanagan.

Because compulsory civil registration began a few years after Andrew and Sarah left England, we have found no certain records for family members until 1832 in West Bromwich. We have no confirmed knowledge of Sarah's early years. How long did the family live in Birmingham? When did they move to Wednesbury or West Bromwich? Did they ever really live in Birmingham, or did they simply live "near Birmingham" in a neighboring suburb? If these questions are ever answered, resolution will await research in the records of Warwickshire and Staffordshire.

WEDNESBURY
We know only that Sarah's first marriage, to shoemaker James Waldron, took place about 1826, and probably in the Church of England in Wednesbury, Staffordshire, a town across a county line from Birmingham. The Shuker bible gives the date of their daughter Mary Waldron's birth as October 26, 1827, but the register of the parish of Wednesbury shows a baptismal entry for a Mary Waldron, daughter of James and Sarah, recorded September 16, 1827 (FHC film 497344 - Bishop's transcripts, 1673-1850 Church of England. Parish Church of Wednesbury) The clergyman was a G. Clarkson.

Mary's birth was followed by another unrecorded period, during which time James Waldron presumably died, freeing Sarah to marry Andrew Flanagan. A possible record of James' death can be found on FHC film 497344, "Burials in the Parish of Wednesbury County of Stafford 1830." Number 953 shows a James Waldron buried August 2, age 36 (?); burial by G.W. White.
(Note that we had no proof of Sarah in any place but West Bromwich. We located these entries by using the International Genealogy Index. They "fit" nicely but they are not proven to be ours.)

WEST BROMWICH
By January 4, 1832 Sarah Waldron was in West Bromwich, marrying Irish immigrant Andrew Flanagan in the newly established, and as yet unnamed, Catholic church in West Bromwich. Because the surviving registers of this church begin somewhat after this date Andrew and Sarah's marriage certificate is all we have to mark this occasion.

Though family stories recorded by Leonard Fliedner say Sarah remained Protestant Episcopal (and went to whatever church had the best singing), her name appears on a December 22, 1833 list of newly confirmed Catholics in West Bromwich. Her confirmation name was Ann. While all her children by Andrew were raised Catholic, it seems likely that Mary (Waldron) Shuker, raised in England and buried at St. Michael's (a non-denominational cemetery in Elmhurst, Queens), belonged to Church of England. Some of Mary Shuker's children married in Catholic churches, but I don't know the significance of this.

Ann Nora Flanagan was born to Andrew and Sarah on April 11, 1833, and baptized May 19 of the same year, again in the same West Bromwich RC Church. Her sponsors were Patrick and Judith Conolly, both unknown to us. We have found no further record of Ann Nora's existence. It seems likely that she died as an infant, but this is not certain: deaths were not yet recorded during the early 1830s.
This page includes nutshells of West Bromwich and Wednesbury history (Sandwell is the metropolitan area that includes W.B.)
Also see Local West Bromwich site | another nutshell | Photos of work houses | Local photographs | Genuki site Wikipedia pages on W. Bromwich and Birmingham provide

IMMIGRATION
Roughly a year after Ann Nora's birth, Andrew and Sarah left England behind, sailing from Liverpool to New York City on the Ship Alfred. Ann Nora's name was not on the list of arrivals in New York. We know that Andrew's step-daughter Mary Waldron (age 7 as they departed) was left behind, presumably to be raised by the Matthews (or Waldron?) family in West Bromwich. Mary would not immigrate to Astoria or, we presume, see her mother for at least 20 years -- after she was married to James Shuker and the mother of two sons.

While it was not an uncommon practice for parents to emigrate without children, it is impossible not to wonder how Mary felt about being left behind by her mother and step-father in England. I note that Mary Waldron named her female children Sarah, Mary Alice, Ella and Emma, three of these being Matthews names (Elizabeth and Emma Matthews her aunts and Sarah after her mother). This could indicate that she was at least reconciled with Sarah and strongly suggests that she was raised by Sarah's sisters. I also note that her third son -- and the first born in the US -- was named Andrew, possibly in tribute to her stepfather.

Mary Waldron Shuker was to become the matriarch of a line of her own. Was Ann Nora Flanagan left with the Matthews family or did she die in infancy? We may never know the answer. When Sarah sailed into New York Harbor on July 12, 1834, she was unaccompanied by children. However she was pregnant with her third child, James Flanagan, born six months later on Jan 19, 1835 in Brooklyn.

A more chronological account of the Flanagan family's life in Astoria can be found in the Andrew Flanagan, Sr. sketch
ASTORIA
Upon finalization of their first Astoria land purchase on May 30, 1836, we assume Andrew, Sarah and James moved from Brooklyn to Hallets Cove. And we assume their second son, John, born Dec 23, 1837, was the first to be born in the Flanagan's own house on Woolsey Street.


CHILDREN
We've found no official record of Sarah's births in the U.S., but we have two independently compliled lists passed on through the Shuker family and the family of Charles A. Flanagan (youngest son of Andrew and Sarah.) I don't know if any family member has seen Mt. Carmel baptismal records. My family has a handwritten list of birthdates of Andrew and Sarah's ten children born in the U.S., that could have been transcribed from a Flanagan bible. Omitted are the children born in England: Mary Waldron and Ann Nora Flanagan.

In all, Sarah had twelve known children over a span of 24 years; between (by my reckoning) ages 22-46. We know of 67 grandchildren (55 of them Andrew's, 12 of them James Waldron's). (see family tree)
Most of Sarah and Andrew's children would have been born in the Woolsey Street house, with only the youngest child (Charles) born after the 1850 purchase of the land on 2nd Ave. Most of their children lived to adulthood, with only Ann Nora (presumably) dying as an infant and William dying in an accident at the age of eight. John died unmarried at the age of 33. All others married, and all but James had children: many children.

In a curious pattern, all the other boys: James, Andrew, Peter, Henry, Edward and Charles married girls from the neighborhood and lived their lives in Astoria, within a few blocks of each other. Aside from Edward, who died in a Manhattan hospital, they died within blocks of their places of birth. Their brides -- Bridget Delahanty, Adelaide Exertier, Elizabeth Egan, Mary Casey, Kate Kelly and Anna Loretto Evans -- all grew up within a block or two of the Flanagan homesteads and all were immigrants or daughters of immigrants.

In contrast, both daughters of Andrew and Sarah married men from "outside the neighborhood" and left Astoria.

Catherine Flanagan married Tipperary immigrant Edmund Butler, a career army officer, had children in four (possibly five) different states and died in 1888 in Omaha, Nebraska. Bridget Amelia Flanagan married Welsh immigrant George Morgan Jones, lived in Manhattan until after her husband's 1908 death, and died in Freeport, Long Island in 1915.

Sarah's daughter Mary Waldron married James Shuker in West Bromwich in 1853 and they immigrated to Astoria a few years after marriage, with two children in tow. Mary then lived, gave birth to most of her children, and died in Astoria in 1905. Ironically, the daughter left behind was the only daughter to reside near Sarah at the time of her death.

FINANCES
There has been speculation that Sarah's family was comfortably off. We have found no confirmation of this, but the fact that they were able to purchase land so soon after their arrival supports the contention. We know too little about Andrew's background to know who was the source of the family's money and business acumen. I offer as evidence that they were, at least, thrifty, the fact that Andrew and Sarah traveled in the steerage section of the ship Alfred.

Sarah survived Andrew by seven years, and in those years she arranged the family's real estate holdings so that each of her children (Mary Waldron Shuker included) had a share in the various properties on First and Second Avenues and on Main Street. For all we know, Andrew might have begun this practice, but all the public transactions I have uncovered happened to take place after his death.

Sarah also opened her own accounts at the Emigrant Savings Bank, possibly for some of the children. There were a few items in the ESB indexes for Sarah for which I could not find detail. Her first account, opened Sept 24, 1866, carried her personal identification information that she was born in 1806, Staffordshire, England, arrived in 1834, her husband was Andrew and she was nee S. Waldon [sic]. It also said she had a wart on her left eye. Her other three accounts were opened after Andrew's death, two in 1872 and one in 1873. Sarah's X mark on the Emigrant accounts as well as Andrew's administration papers suggest that she could not write.

DEATH
As recorded in the Long Island City Register of Death, Sarah died of long-standing heart disease on Sep 27, 1877 at her home on Second Avenue. We have found no obituary. Her youngest sons Edward and Charles, still unmarried in 1877, were probably her housemates at the time of her death. That Charles would have been resident at the breakup of her possessions could account for the fact that his descendants had Andrew and Sarah's 1832 marriage license and two other 19th century papers.

Sarah had no will, administration or probate papers on file in Queens County Surrogate's Court. She was buried with Andrew and her two sons William and John (gravestone transcription), in what we now know as Our Lady of Mt Carmel cemetery. (Her death register entry called it "St. Mary's," which was Mt. Carmel's evolving name during the 1870s.) The age and date in the gravestone transcript (September 28, 1877 at 78) are incorrect. She died September 27th and age 73 is more likely.

Death certificates are notoriously plagued with errors. An interesting reflection on her children's memory of Sarah can be seen in the fact that only one of her children's spouses recalled Sarah's surname properly on her spouse's death certificate. Most knew her given name was Sarah. Only one informant named Matthews as maiden name. In an interesting twist, Henry's and Peter's widows (next-door neighbors, after all) named her as Sarah Porter -- a name I can find no source for. Amelia Jones's son Walter mistakenly listed his paternal grandmother's surname, Fisher. Widower Andrew Jr's daughter simply listed "unknown." I don't have a DC for Catherine BUTLER.

Given first generation statistics like this, it's no wonder the facts of Sarah's life are buried. It's been a privilege for those of us who have been scratching away at the sediment.
Queens Old Town Registers - Long Island City, Queens, page 55-entry# 269 Sept. 27, 1877/ copied May 1998, NYC DORIS Municipal Archives, 32 Chambers St
Record of Death - Health Department, Long Island City
Line:                  269
Name:                  Sarah Flanagan
Date of Death          Sep 27 (1)
Age:                   73 yrs (2)
Condition:             Widow
Birthplace:            England,
Father's birthplace:   England
Mother's birthplace:   England
How long resident in city: many years
Place of Death:        2nd Av. 4th ward
Cause of death:        Disease of Heart
Time from attack       
till death:            Years
Place of Burial:       St Mary's  L.I. (3)
Undertaker:            Gates, Geo [or Theo]
Doc:                   B.L.B. Bayliss

NOTES (pf)
  1. Year is not on register page; you must page back to find it
  2. This implies 1803-4 birth year, which is closer to the 1805 given in the Shuker bible than dates implied by gravestone transcript and property document (1799).
    Also note discrepancy in day of death. Gravestone=Sept 28, LIC Register=Sep 27.
  3. The register lists many burials at this "St. Mary's".
    St. Mary's was the name by which the church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel was known until some time during the 1870s.
    The cemetery is directly south of the property upon which the old church stood. A subsidiary page on Mt Carmel/St. Mary's Cemetery also accessible through the Fagan Family page and the Maps Menu.

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June 2006 minor updates - Patty Fagan pfagan@compuserve.com